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Abstract

THE EFFECT OF QAT AND OTHER BAD CHEWING HABITS IN PEOPLE WHO NEED ORAL REHABILITATION IN ADEN CITY 2011-2013

Nadra Ahmed Ishaq*

ABSTRACT

Qat is a type of leaf, rather wide and about two fingers in length, people would consume these leaves just as they are, these leaves were just stuffed fully into the mouth and munched. The aim of this study is that how is the qat chawing affecting on the tempromandibular joint according to duration, sex, age and site of chawing. Method: 4 groups are a prospective study done, in Qat chewers and other bad chewing habits in Aden city in the period between 2011 and 2013. The sample was selected randomly from different districts in Aden City; it was selected 240 people (213 male and 27 females) who had bad chewing habits which divided into (Qat, Tombol, Gum and Betel Nut). All statistical conclusions were performed using spss version 15. Result: the percentage of TMJ disorders in Qat chewers were (25%) in association with other bad chewing habit while the percentage of TMJ disorders among Qat chewers were (45.16%) were not associated with other bad chewing habits. From the 240 qat chewers, 68 males and 14 females have the signs and symptoms of TMJ disorder. It was obvious that the most affected age category complaining of TMJ disorder was (35-45 years old) of Qat chewing. The prevalence of TMJ disorder in Qat chewers was directly proportional to the increase in the number of chewing hours.

Keywords: Qat, Tombol, Gum, Betel nut, Temperomandibular joint, Signs and symptoms.


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