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Abstract

STUDY OF SICKLE CELL DISEASE AND ITS RELATION TO MALARIA BETWEEN MARGINAL PEOPLE IN TAIZ(YEMEN)

Nada Saif*

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of sickle cell anemia and malaria at marginalized people(Al –akhdam-The neglected group) in different Areas in Taiz city, and relationship between sickle cell and age, sex& infection by malaria. Study design: Cross-sectional study. Place and duration of study: The study was carried out from areas in Taiz city for about 100 cases during February to April 2014, study population was the marginal people. Methodology: A total of 100 cases were randomly collected and examined by C.B.C, Sickling test, B.F.S. Also, the questionnaire data was used for determine the correlation between sickle cell and other factors such as age, sex, location, infected by malaria, blood transfusion prior and consanguinity. Statistical analysis: The data analyzed by SPSS program, and P value <0.05 was taken as significant. Result: The study found that 41 cases of sickle cell are positive for sickling test from total 100 specimens were collected from areas in Taiz city. Also found from 41 +ve sickling test, one case infected by malaria,17cases for male(39.5%)and 24 cases for female(42.1%) also32 cases (57.1%)with consanguinity and 22 cases (44%)with blood transfusion prior. The results of the study indicate that there is no significant different between age, location and the +ve sickling test, also indicate that there is significant relation between S.C. A. and kinship, infected by malaria previously and B.F.S. In this study there is no relation between malaria infection and S.C. anemia.

Keywords: (Marginalized people; Taiz city- Yemen, Sickle cell disease, Malaria.).


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