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Abstract

NIDAN CHIKITSA ASPECTS OF VATAJA NETRAROGA

Dr. Supriya S. Muddalwar* and Prof. Dr. Nilakshi S. Pradhan

ABSTRACT

In Ayurveda, Acharyas described three doshas i.e Vata, pitta, Kapha.Vata is Pradhan among three doshas. All movements are due to Vata and that is why it is called the prana of all living beings. Vata Vyadhi is a set of diseases caused by vitiated vata. Netra is Pradhan in Panchadnyanedriya. Netra is a sensitive and complex organ. There are 76 Netrarogas mentioned by Sushruta. Among these Sushruta described 10 rogas are Vata Pradhan i.e Hatadhimanth, Nimish, Gambheerika, Vatahatvartma, Vataja kacha, Shushkakshipaka, Vataja Abhishyanda, Vataja Adhimantha, Vataparyay, Anyatovat. Netrabhishyanda is explained under the heading Sarvagat Roga because all diseases under this heading are occupying most of the part of the eyeball like Mandala, Sandhi and Patala. The word Abhishyanda means profuse discharge from all parts of eye. Sushruta had recognized a number of disease as communicable i.e Kushtha, Jwara, Shosha, Netrabhishyanda. Abhishyanda is a root cause of almost all the eye diseases. The Eye and eyelids are very common sites for allergic reactions. Vataja Abhishyanda is clinical entity which can be correlated with Allergic Conjunctivitis. Acoording to Sushruta, out of 52 curable eye diseases, 27 diseases respond to medical line of treatment. Out of these 27 diseases 25 are managed on similar lines as abhishyanda depending upon dosha. In Ayurvedic classics Aschyotana is explained as first line of treatment in all eye diseases. Measures like- snehapana, swedana, raktamokshana, snehavirechana, basti, shirobasti, nasya, dhumapana, anjana, pindika etc should be followed in Vataja Abhishyanda.

Keywords: Vataja Netraroga, Vataja Abhishyanda, Allergic Conjunctivitis.


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