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Mustafa Abd-Almajeed Hussein* and Sami Jiber AL-Maliki


Osteoporosis is the most common bone disease in humans, it is characterized by low bone mass, deterioration of bone tissue and disruption of bone architecture, compromised bone strength and an increase in the risk of fracture. The osteoporosis is a risk factor for fracture just as hypertension is for stroke, the risk of fractures is highest in those with the lowest BMD, the majority of fractures occur in patients with low bone mass rather than osteoporosis, because of the large number of individuals with bone mass in this range. Ions constitute a key duo for appropriate bone mineral acquisition and maintenance throughout life, outside the skeleton, their essential but distinct physiological functions are controlled by specific transporters and hormonal systems that also serve to secure the appropriate supply of calcium and phosphor for bone health. Eighty two women patients referring from rural and urban housing aging between (55-65) years old was visit a center in private hospital to determine the percentage of bone density using a dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) from Lunar Prodigy (version 16) (USA). Blood samples were taken after diagnosis disease, then the electrolyte ions was measured by using OPTILION device cassette are specific for each one of these ions in specialist laboratory. The results shows significant decrease (p˂o.o5) in calcium, magnesium, phosphor and potassium ion, while others ions include sodium and chloride have non- significant change in osteoporosis women compared with healthy women in same age and counterpart. In conclusion, electrolytes ions have significant changes in osteoporosis women in Basra province / Iraq.

Keywords: Electrolyte, osteoporosis, DEXA, Ions, electrolyte ions.

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