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Abstract

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS AMONG CAR DRIVERS IN MAJMAA CITY, SAUDI ARABIA, 2017-2018

Mohammed A. Alhassan*, Abdulaziz A. Alhassan, Abdulaziz A. Alfarhood, Khalid Ayidh Alotaibi, Meshal Ali AL-Meshal, Osama Haiel Alanazi

ABSTRACT

Background: Due to the fast pace and evolution of Al-Majmaa from being a small governorate to a city which in turn will increase RTAs as well as the increase of unaware population due to insufficient research and lack of alternative transportations, this study aims at evaluating Saudi drivers’ knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) regarding traffic regulations, and their deterministic effect on RTAs in Al- Majmaa. Method: An Analytical cross-sectional study method which involved only Majmaah city population of 133 thousand people living in an area of 30,000 km2. This study was conducted in social media web sites, mainly Twitter, to identify the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) regarding traffic regulations among the concerned society. Results: The results from the 157 participants under the various distributions starting with age distribution showed that the most preventable age groups for RTA’s was from 21-30years. 69.4% of the participants owned a car with 90.5% having a driver’s license. The data also showed that 56.1% of the respondents have a good knowledge about driving and traffic signs while 38.9% have a moderate knowledge and 5.1% have a poor knowledge about driving and traffic signs. On the other hand, 87.9% of the individuals have a poor attitude towards safe driving, and 12.1% have moderate attitude, and 0% have good attitude. Concerning Practice, we find that 52.9% of individuals have poor practice, and 44.6% have moderate practice, while only 2.5% have good practice. Data analysis based on knowledge, Attitude and Practice by gender, Age, Education level, marital status, and economic stats showed that 25% of people with poor knowledge were males while 75% of them were females. Also, most of people with poor attitudes and practices were males while those who had a poor knowledge of driving practices were of good financial status (62.5%) and 25% of them were excellent financial status. Finally, there was a significant difference (at α=0.05) between the opinion of sample individuals about sample individual's practices while driving according to age, educational level, financial status and marital status as these determinants all had different deductions on their various effects on good driving practices. Conclusion: Educated Saudi drivers in Al-Majmaa are less likely to be involved in accidents, meanwhile age, experience, financial and marital status of drivers have a great influence on Road Traffic Accidents.

Keywords: RTA’s (Road Traffic Accidents), Knowledge, Attitude and Practices, Al-Majmaa, Saudi Arabia.


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