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Abstract

PHARMACEUTICAL CARE IMPLEMENTATION: PHYSICIANS’ KNOWLEDGE, AWARENESS, ATTITUDE, AND PRACTICE STUDY, GEZIRA STATE, SUDAN

Fatin Suliman Ahamed Al-Khalifa, Imadeldin Mohamed Tag Eldin, Maha Mirghani Abdalla, Mirghani Abdulrahman Yousif and Kamal Addin Mohammad Ahmad Idris*

ABSTRACT

Pharmaceutical care, basically targets improvement of patients‘ therapeutic outcomes and quality of life. This study aimed to explore physicians‘ awareness, attitude, knowledge and practice of pharmaceutical care implementation in four public Hospitals in Central Sudan. A prospective-hospital-based study was carried out in which a pre-structured and pretested questionnaire consisting of twenty one (21) closed - ended questions was used to address 150 physicians. Response rate was 74(49%). A bare majority 39(53%) of respondent physicians were familiar with the term pharmaceutical care; whose majority 41(55%) appreciated its importance and its goals 67 (90.5%). A clear majority of respondents 57 (77%) mentioned that pharmaceutical care was not practically implemented in their area of practice. Most of the respondent physicians 47 (63.5%) agreed that there were many barriers impairing the implementation of pharmaceutical care, such as: lack of pharmacists personnel and their poor clinical training, pharmacist role and responsibilities were not well defined. Moreover, respondents showed poor trust in pharmacists‘ knowledge of medications, though 27(36.6%) of them considered pharmacists as their main sources of medication information and a majority of respondent physicians 47(63.5%) usually refer to pharmacists when facing drug problems. Respondents occasionally 41(55.4%) ask pharmacists‘ for generic substitutions. That reflected and pointed to respondents‘ rather unsatisfactory inter-professional collaboration with pharmacists. It could be concluded that inter- professional collaboration and cooperation between physicians, pharmacists and national health care authorities, must be well instituted and all the barriers for the full implementation of pharmaceutical care be removed. Cross tabulation done showed no significant correlations.

Keywords: Physicians, Pharmaceutical Care, Implementation, Sudan.


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