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Abstract

JUMPING GENE (TRANSPOSONS)

*Abhishek Dubey, Vikas Gupta, Rahul Chaurasiya, Gaurav Dubey and Sambodhan Dhawane Mandar Chavan

ABSTRACT

The phenomenon of jumping genes was initially discovered by Nobel Laureate, Barbara McClintock, in her work on maize chromosome in fifties. The Jumping genes transpose from one position to another in horizontal fashion within the same chromosome or even to other chromosomes. In this paper, it is to present how this genetic transposition, after transforming into a computational method, can enhance the evolutionary multiobjective optimization. The fundamental concept, design of operations, performance ju The characteristics of bacterial mobile genetic elements are presented in relation to the mobilization of resistance genes and to the occurrence of complex assemblies of resistance transposons on plasmids. Their significance as an important factor in bacterial evolution is discussed. stification and applications of the Jumping Gene evolutionary approach will be outlined. Transposons are well-known architects of genetic change but their role in insecticide resistance has, until recently, only been speculated upon. Transposon insertion, or transposon-mediated transposition, could alter either metabolic enzymes capable of degrading pesticides or could change the functionality of insecticide targets. The recent work of Aminetzach and coworkers suggests an exciting alternative, that transposon insertion can cause resistance by altering gene product function. This hypothesis is discussed in the light of other examples in which transposons have been implicated in insecticide resistance.

Keywords: Genetic Algorithm Multiobjective Optimization Nobel Laureate Multiobjective Problem Maize Chromosome.


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