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Abstract

THE PREVALENCE OF USING DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS AMONG TEENAGERS, SAUDI ARABIA, IN 2017

Bashair Noman Melebari*, Anwar Noman Melebari, Asrar Fawzi Mlibari, Samah Fuad Munshi, Ethar Wael Mahamid, Bashaer Mahboub Alalwani, Abdulkader Aljuhani

ABSTRACT

Introduction: As we are in the era of technological development, and the easy availability of instructiveness information that presented to us in social media or TV by either celebrities, athletes, health providers, or brands marketing managers, and theirs estimations or believes about use of nutritional supplements In order to disease prevention, correction of inadequate lifestyle habits, and physical performance improvement, We carry out a survey involving Saudi's teenagers in order to investigate the use of nutritional supplements in this age group Methodology: This is a cross sectional study based on Online questionnaire that will be spread in the period from 10 June to 10 December 2017 in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Adolescents aged from 12 to 22 years, are the target population of our study Result: About 400 adolescents was included in this study, from age of 12 to age 22 years old, the majority of them were 22 years old 126 (31.5%), male and females were included, females were 232 (58%), participants were from 13 regions but almost from Makkah285 (71.3), the majority were college students 236 (59%). Only 129 (32.3%) of participants use supplements, the majority of them use it to build up their muscles 36 (27.9%), about 48 (37.2%) sale supplement Online, approximately half of them 65 (50.4%) take the information about supplement from internet, about 85 (65.9%) of them take it daily, about 52 (40.3%) of them take proteins. Regarding the knowledge, 216 (54%) think that supplements has benefit to their health, about 269 (67.3%) think that supplements has side effects, about 248 (62%) think that supplement users need routine investigations, 177 (29.3%) think that supplements increase level of concentration, 214 (53.5%) think that supplements increase the power, 182 (45.5%) think that supplements prevents dietary deficiency, 214 (53.5%) think that supplements increases or maintains muscle mass. In cross tabulation between demographics data and use of supplements, there is significant association with age (p=0.001), and with level of education (p=0.006), there is no significant association for gender (p=0.859), nationality (p=0.782) and region (p=0.593). In crosstab between age and what type of supplement they use, there is significant association (p=0.035) and we found that most of proteins users' age is 22. In crosstab between gender and why they use supplements, there is significant association (p=0.000) and we found that males were the most users aiming to build up their muscles, in other hand most of female use it to disease prevention, control and treatment. In crosstab between gender and what type of supplement they use, there is significant association (p=0.007) and we found that most users of proteins are male, There is significant association in crosstab between gender and from where they .bought the supplements Conclusion: The prevalence of using dietary supplements among adolescent was slightly high (32.3%). Factors associated with dietary supplements use are age and level of education. The most used dietary supplements are proteins, vitamins and minerals. The most commonly reason to use of dietary supplements was to build muscles for males and to treat or prevent diseases for females.

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