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Abstract

DENTAL CARIES AND NUTRITION AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN SABIYA REGION, KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA- 2017

Dr. Elham Hassan Alneamy*, Dr. Mubarack Sani and Dr. Abdulrahman Salim

ABSTRACT

• To measure dental caries and nutrition among pregnant women in Sabya Region, 2017. Methods: A descriptive analytical study was designed to collect data from pregnant women visiting a PHC in sabya region, Saudi Arabia from November to April 2018. Results: The participants from pregnant women were approached with the questionnaire and respond. out of 400 of participant, Majority of women were aged from 18-45 years (95.3%). Toothbrush is the most common tool used by participants to clean their teeth (89.5%). Only (25%) assumed that they have healthy teeth, (33%) had carries with no pain and (23%) had healthy teeth but prefer to visit a dentist. About (37.5%) received Iron + folic acid, (20%) had folic acid only and (15%) had multivitamins. From participants there are groups eating sweets frequently (43.5%). The main source of information come from dentist 76 (19%) followed by family member 70 (17.5%). The main reasons for visiting dental clinic were other reasons 125 (31.3%), feeling pain 125 (31%) and dental carries 85 (21.3%). The most common cause prevent women to visit dentist was no need 319 (79.8%) and 31 (7.8%) because they worry and nervous from dentist. No significant relation between age and dental carries or gum disease (p = 0.3 - 0.1, respectively). Carries and unhealthy gum prevalence increase with women by increasing numbers of pregnancy also most common in housewife women than others (p= 0.05, 0.001,0.002) respectively. Conclusion: The present study demonstrates the dental caries is slightly common among pregnant women in PHC. More efforts and educational programs are needed to increase the awareness of importance of healthy diet during pregnancy.

Keywords: Teeth, Caries, Gum, Pregnant, Women.


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