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Abstract

METHICILIN RESISTANT STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS IN CLINICAL SAMPLES AND FOMITES

Abinokhauno Solomon*, Iyevhobu Kenneth O., Oghena Marcus, Obodo Basil Nnaemeka and Ebadan Maxwel

ABSTRACT

A total of 200 swabs from clinical samples and fomites which comprised of 105 swabs from the skin, 56 swabs from nasal and 38 swabs from fomites i.e laboratory coats, each were collected and examined. From this study, 30(15.0%) were identified as Staphylococcus aureus, and 170(85.5%) showed no growth or other species of bacteria and analysis show that it was statistically significant P<0.05, the prevalence of Methicillin/ Oxacillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA/ORSA) was 13(6.5%) with skin having the highest occurrences of 9(4.5%) and nasal passage and fomites having 4(2.0%) and 0(0.0%) respectively and the Methicillin/ Oxacillin Sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA/OSSA) having prevalence of 15(7.5%), 2(1.0%) and 0(0.0%) for isolates from the skin, nasal passage and formites respectively and when the number of MRSA isolated was compare with MSSA statistically it was found not to be statistically significant p-value=0.193, p>0.05. When mean diameter of Oxacillin was used to compared the mean diameter of Vacomycin it was 5.3±2.83 vs 17.4±18.47; tcal=2.072,p-val=0.068, and df=9, respectively, it was not statistically significant i.e P>=0.05, at α=95% or 0.05, the mean, standard deviation, F-value calculated, degree of freedom, p-values of the diameters of zones of inhibitions of Oxacillin, Vacomycin, and sulbatam, when mean diameter of Oxacillin was used to compared the mean diameter of Vacomycin and Sulbatam is was 5.3±2.83 vs 17.4±18.47 and 1.11±0.281; Fcal Between groups=6.1.47, p-val=0.06, and df=29 respectively, it was not statistically significant i.e P>=0.05, at α=95% or 0.05. However, there seems to be a steady rise of MRSA isolates resistance to commonly used antibiotics like Sulbatam and Vacomycin but the present rate is still low in comparison to values in some other studies.

Keywords: Staphylococcus, Vacomycin, Methicillin, Fomites, Resistant.


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