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Abstract

MEDICINAL PLANTS POTENTIAL TO TREAT DIABETES: A REVIEW

Lekhana A. R.*, Palaksha M. N., Gnanasekaran D., Senthilkumar G. P. and Tamizmani T.

ABSTRACT

Diabetes mellitus is a systematic metabolic disease which is characterised by hyperglycemia, hyperaminoacidemia and hypoinsulinemia this leads to decrease in insulin secretion and insulin action. This dreadful disease is found in all parts of the world, it is becoming a serious threat to mankind health. It is caused by deficiency in the production of insulin which results in decrease or increase in the glucose in the blood. Antidiabetic agents are the drugs which are used to treat diabetes. Hypoglycemic agents are the drugs which are used to treat diabetes mellitus by lowerig glucose level in the blood. Hyperglycemic agents are the drus which are used to increase the glucose level in the blood. In present review, many authors collected more information about the herbal plants phytoconstituents that has been studied against diabetes. The plants containing chemical constituents like polyphenols, alkaloids, glycosides, flavonoids, polysaccharides and terpenoids. These chemical constituents are responsible for the treatment of diabetes. The herbs have own pharmacological action with the prescribed as an antidiabetic drug.

Keywords: Diabetes, Antihyperglycemic agents, Hypoglycemic agents.


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