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Abstract

PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS AND ANTIMICROBIAL OF CYPERUS ROTUNDUS L EXTRACTS

*Masheir Baleil, Hassan S. Khalid, Muddathir S. Alhassan and Fathalrahman A. Elshaiekh and Mohammed O. Babiker

ABSTRACT

In the present study rhizomes of Cyperus rotundus L. were successively extracted with petroleum ether, chloroform, ethyl acetate and methanol using continuous extraction method. Mark obtained was subjected to aqueous extraction and lyophilized using freeze drier apparatus. The extracts were investigated for their antibacterial and antifungal activity using cup –plate agar diffusion method. Antimicrobial activity carried out against six standard against organism of bacteria and two standard organisms of fungi. Methanolic and E. acetate extracts showed moderate activity against all organisms except E, coli, which was sensitive to the two concentrations used. Petroleum ether extract was inactive against all the tested organisms, while chloroform and water showed weak exhibition results. E. acetate extract phytochemical screening showed the presences of sterols, oils, flavonoids, saponin, coumarins and alkaloids.

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