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Abstract

BREAST SELF EXAMINATION PRACTICE AND AWARENESS OF BREAST CANCER SYMPTOMS AMONG WOMEN IN AL-MADINAH AL-MUNAWARA, SAUDI ARABIA

Souad A. Fadhlalmawla*, Amirah M. Basha, Rawan A. Alhoraibi, Mona A. Alsayed, Abrar H. Alhubayshi, Jana A. Altaifi, Afnan H. Alharbi and Magda H. Youssef

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To determine knowledge, attitude and practice towards Breast Self Examination (BSE) among the female community in Al Madinah Al-Munawara and to measure the level of awareness about breast cancer (BC) risk factors and symptoms. Methods: a crosssectional descriptive study was carried out among 1546 women in Al- Madinah Al-Munawara city which were selected randomly from public places by using self-administered validated comprehensive questionnaire. Informed consent was conducted among study participants, only those who signed an informed consent form enrolled in the study. Result: the study indicated that about half of the participants (57.4%) had ever heard of BSE, Only (21.5%) of them performed it regularly and only (40.2%) of respondents mentioned that BSE should be performed once a month while only (40.6%) reported that mammogram at age of 40 and above should be performed every year. The knowledge of BC risk factors was low; early menarche (17.9%), late menopause (20.1%) and null parity (19.5%). Only 57.1%, 58.2 %, 50.8% and 63.1% knew that nutrition, family history, breast direct radiation exposure and smoking respectively were the risk factors for BC. Regarding BC symptoms, (40.2%) of the respondents mentioned that breast skin redness, nipple pulling (49.4%), and dimpling of the breast (49.0%) are BC symptoms. Conclusion: There was low knowledge to BSE, risk factors and symptoms of BC, more educational interventions are needed especially among old age population and it is important to rise the knowledge of female community about BSE and limiting the incidence of B by early detection.

Keywords: breast self examination, breast cancer, saudi women, mamogram, Al-Madinah Al-Munawara.


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