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Abstract

A PARADIGM OF HERBAL MEDICINE IN TREATMENT OF DYSMENORRHEA

K. S. Lakshmi Bhargavi*, K. Swathi Sri, R. Sudheer Babu, K. Blessy, K. Durga Prasad, S. D. Rihana

ABSTRACT

Dysmenorrhea refers to occurrence of painful menstrual cramps of uterine origin. It usual onset occurs around the time that menstruation begins. The pain is usually in the pelvis/lower abdomen. In young women it occurs without underlying issues like uterine fibroids, adenomysis/endometrosis. It is more usual among those with heavy period irregular periods, whose periods started before 12 years of age. It can be diagnosed by pelvic exam and ultrasound. Treatment may include the use of heating pad and allopathic medications like NSAIDS, hormonal birth control pills and IUD with progesterone oral contraceptive pills are used but side effects may occur. Dietary supplements including herbals, food, vitamins is highly effective and beneficial. it B, E, zinc sulphates, magnesium and fish oil rich in omega-3 fatty acids, fennel, melatonin, cinnamon, damask rose, guava and uzara thiamine and vit-E are effective. Ginger powder may be effective for primary dysmenorrhea. Bryopteris selaginella is also effective for irregular mensus. Cimcifugarace mosa used as uterine tonic, viburnum used to calm nerves. Many of these herbal drugs are effective in treatment of dysmenorrhea without any adverse effects.

Keywords: Prevalence rate of dysmenorrheal, dietary supplements, viburnum prunifolium, Cimicifogaracemosa, uterosacral nerve ablation, presacral, presacral neurectomy.


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