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Abstract

A STUDY TO ASSESS THE EFFECT OF BODY POSITIONS ON BLOOD PRESSURE AMONG HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS AT CARDIOLOGY OPD, APOLLO, AND HYDERABAD

Manasa Godati*, Lavanya Uriti and Dr. Ghada Abd El Raouf Youssif (Assistant Professo)

ABSTRACT

The research approach used for the study was “descriptive” and the research design was “descriptive correlation design”. The aim of descriptive co relational research is to describe the relationships among variables that exist in a situation. The setting of the study was Cardiology OPD, at Apollo, Hyderabad. The sampling technique used was non probability Convenience sampling. The tool used in the study was consisting of two sections: Section- I dealt with identification of data and socio demographic variables of the individual, Section –II consists of clinical examination which included height, weight, BMI, Waist and hip ratio and blood pressure measurements in various body positions and validated by experts. The reliability of the tool was confirmed by split-half method. After obtaining the permission from the Cardiology HOD, a pilot study was conducted on 10 hypertensive patients in the same set up. The clarity, feasibility were established to proceed further with the actual study. The actual study was done on 110 hypertensive patients, who were falling under the inclusion criteria and were selected as sample. After the Sample selection, written consent was taken. The collected data was analyzed and tabulated by using descriptive and inferential statistics. The findings of the study revealed that there was a significant difference present in blood pressures in various body positions. The fowler’s position had higher blood pressure when compared to supine and upright positions. The effect of demographic variables on blood pressure in various body positions was determined by multi variant regression analysis. The regression analysis t-value revealed that annual income, frequency in visiting the doctor, frequency of taking non vegetarian diet, sex, number of cigarettes smoked each day, duration of smoking and frequency in doing exercises had a significant effect on blood pressure. Based on these findings, null hypotheses H01, H02 were rejected.

Keywords: Effectiveness, body positions, blood pressure, hypertensive patients.


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