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Abstract

ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECT OF SLEEP HYGIENE ON SLEEP QUALITY OF THE ELDERLY

Dwi Retnaningsih*

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Elderly defined as a chronological age over 60 years which results in a vulnerability in facing stimulation from both inside and outside. Sleep quality is a condition where someone gained the feeling of restoration after awakening from sleep. Sleep quality for the elderly people is very advantageous in restoring stamina because they are at risk of experiencing various degenerative problems. Sleep disorders will result in some health problems, one of which can lead to immune deficiencies and even more serious problems. As such, there should be an appropriate practice to improve sleep quality of the elderly people. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of sleep hygiene on sleep quality of the elderly people. Methods: This study used a Preexperimental method which is a quantitative research without a control group with One Group Pretest-Posttest Design approach. The data collection was obtained by interviewing and giving the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaire to the elderly people before the Sleep Hygiene treatment was carried out and after being given treatment. The population of the study was 30 elderly people living in Harapan Ibu Nursing Home Ngaliyan Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia who met the inclusion criteria. The data was analyzed by using Wilcoxon test with a significance value of 5%. Results: The Wilcoxon test results found that there is an effect of sleep hygiene on sleep quality of the elderly people in Harapan Ibu Nursing Home Ngaliyan Semarang, Central Java Indonesia, with p value = 0.000 which means ≤0.05 (5%), then H0 is rejected and Ha is accepted. Conclusions: There is an effect of sleep hygiene on sleep quality of the elderly people in Harapan Ibu Nursing Home Ngaliyan Semarang Central Java Indonesia.

Keywords: Sleep Hygiene, Sleep Quality, Elderly.


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