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Abstract

ASSESSMENT AND UTILIZATION OF PLATELET IN THROMBOCYTOPENIA CASE: A HOSPITAL BASED RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

Ms. G. Pravanika Sekhar* and Mrs. Neelam

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Thrombocytopenia is the results of falling the number of platelets to 150,00/microL. Thrombocytopenia is not a diseases but is a diagnosis. It is the second most common hematological disorder after anemia. Platelets are indicated for the prevention (prophylactic) or treatment (therapeutic) of bleeding in patients with decreased platelet count (thrombocytopenia) or defective platelet function or both. Aim and Objectives: To assess the platelet usage pattern in department of general medicine. The main objectives were to indicate platelet usage in various blood ailments, to correlate the platelet transfusion with laboratory tests and to estimate the significance of platelet transfusion in blood disorders and diseases. Methodology: A Retrospective observational study was conducted during the period of November 2018 – January 2019. The study included both male and female patients of above 14 years with blood disorders and diseases like dengue, malaria, acute febrile illness and others diseases form In-patient, department of medicine, Gandhi hospital, secunderabad. Results: 91 cases were found to be thrombocytopenic in which female patients were at greater risk of developing thrombocytopenia which was commonly caused by acute febrile illness. Conclusion: The present study concluded that young female were more affected when compared to men and all other age groups. The incidence rate of acute febrile illness with thrombocytopenia were high when compared to other diseases. No correlation was observed between the platelet count and the bleeding manifestations. Significance of the platelet count showed a rapid increase on day three and seven after the transfusion of the blood. 2 pints of platelet transfusion was mostly preferred for faster recovery.

Keywords: Thrombocytopenia, Platelet Transfusion.


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