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Abstract

EXTRACTION OF MYCOTOXINS FROM FUNGI CONTAMINATING FOOD SAMPLES, ASSESSMENT OF THEIR ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY AND EFFECT OF SPICES OIL ON MYCOTOXIN PRODUCING FUNGI

Priyanka Ashish Jariwala* and Hetal K. Panchal Ph.D

ABSTRACT

The contamination of food materials by fungi and their mycotoxins are of major importance to humans and animals health. Therefore, our study was focused to investigate the contamination of various food materials with mycotoxin producing fungi. 21 isolates were obtained from 10 different food samples. From morphological and microscopic observations, 15 fungi were suspected to be Aspergillus spp., 3 Fusarium spp., 1 Cunninghamella and 2 Penicillium spp. They were further tested for their ability to produce mycotoxins on Coconut agar. Fluorescence was observed under UV light after 7-10 days of incubation. Out of 21 isolates, 10 isolates showed fluorescence on Coconut agar medium. Later, the mycotoxin was extracted by using Yeast Extract Sucrose broth. The extracted mycotoxin was further tested for its antibacterial activity against 3 different test organisms out of which isolate F1 gave maximum inhibition zone against Escherichia coli, F14 against Bacillus cereus. Also, the inhibition of mycotoxin producing fungi was studied by using different spices oils. Clove oil showed highest antifungal activity against isolate F14 and no antifungal activity was given by sesame oil.

Keywords: Mycotoxins, Fluorescence, Coconut agar, Antibacterial activity, Antifungal activity.


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