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Abstract

PHYTOCHEMICAL PROFILING OF ETHANOLIC FLOWER EXTRACT OF HIBISCUS ROSA-SINENSIS AND EVALUATION OF ITS ANTIOXIDANT POTENTIAL

Sana Wahid, Samiyah Tasleem* and Sajid Jahangir

ABSTRACT

The medicinal plant is the greatest high-class foundation of life redeemable drugs for the mainstream of the flora and fauna population. They bear to be a significant beneficial support for improving the illnesses of the humanoid. Hibiscus rosa-sinensis has belonged family Malvaceae. It grows in warm temperate, topical, and semi-tropical climates. Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is a bushy, evergreen shrub or small tree growing 2.5–5 m (8–16 ft) tall and 1.5–3m (5–10 ft) wide, with glossy leaves and solitary, brilliant red flowers in summer and autumn. The 5-petaled flowers are 10 cm (4 in) in diameter, with prominent orange-tipped red anthers. Hibiscus rosa-sinensis extract from different part of the plant has significant protective effects.[7,5,6,3,2] Flowers of the plant are used in epilepsy, leprosy, bronchial catarrh and diabetes.[2] They have been used to benefit the prevent hair loss, reduce gray hair, inflammation. It improves blood circulation, liver disorders, constipation. The aim of this study is to determine the phytochemical properties of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis the flower (Petals) using ethanol extracts and antioxidant activity collected from Islamabad, area. Phytochemical screening of ethanol extracts of the flower (Petals) was tested for the presence of phytochemical constitutes by standard procedures followed by Debela, 20021. Antioxidant screening of ethanol extracts of the flower was tested by Uddin N, 2011 method.[8] Results showed that Tannins, Saponins, Alkaloids, Terpenoids, Sterol, Glycosides, Flavonoids presented in ethanol extracts of the flower (Petals). Ethanol extracts of the flower (Petals) show antioxidant activity. In conclusion, the phytochemical examination of the therapeutic plants is critical and has business enthusiasm for both research Center and pharmaceuticals organizations for the assembling of the new medications for treatment of different infections. Additionally ponder are expected to research singular phytochemical compound of the blossom of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis and recognizable proof and auxiliary assurance of novel antioxidants fusions will prompt the advancement of therapeutics from these plants.

Keywords: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, antioxidant activity, phytochemical compound.


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