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Abstract

A BRIEF REVIEW ON INTER-CROPPING METHOD FOR CULTIVATION OF MEDICINAL DRUGS

*Vd. Mrunal Akre, Vd. Ravindra Kharat and Dr. Aparna Ghotankar

ABSTRACT

India as an agriculture country depends upon farming for its percentile economy. Most of the farmers follow intercropping method for cultivation of food items. Bengal gram- red gram, cotton- red gram, wheat- Bengal gram etc are some examples of intercropping/ mix cropping. Such kind of cultivation technique helps farmers to produce greater yield on given piece of land and also in protecting crops from parasite, maintain soil fertility, also fertilizers and pesticides requirement is less in such kind of farming. This method can also be use in cultivation of medicinal drugs with food crops. Such a motivation will help to conserve medicinal drugs, maintain biodiversity, improvement in efficacy of soil. It will also favor the growth of economy. Herbs are main component of Ayurveda, unani, Chinese etc line of treatment. But in today’s scenario herbs are substituted or adulterated as the recourses are scanty, for profit distributors/ suppliers are the main culprits in market. This situation can be overcome through cultivation of various medicinal plants. But no one (farmer/cultivator) can devote only in cultivation/conservation of medicinal plants, so for this intercropping is one of the method can be make into practice. Medicinal plants like Shatavari, Ashwagandha, Sarpagandha, Vacha which are shallow rooted annual or biannual yield can be grow with crops like black gram, brianjal, red gram etc which are perennial. Some govt. bodies, private institutions are working in this field to conserve and flourish market demand of medicinal plants in collaboration with food crops.

Keywords: intercropping, medicinal plants, conservation, cultivation.


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