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Dr. Muhammad Baqir MR Fakhrildin
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Abstract

HOMICIDE SIMULATING ACCIDENTAL

D. K. Sharma* and Dr. Asha Verma

ABSTRACT

Burns are injuries produced by the application of dry heat, to the
surface of the body. It may be epidermal, dermo-epidermal or deep
burn, according to the nature of their severity. Homicide by electricity,
through extremely rare, is quite possible. Death by electric currents are
mostly accidental. A contact burn is due to close contact with an
electrically “live” object with voltage. The human body, is a bad
conductor of electricity, though the resistance varies in different
tissues. Blood vessels and muscles are very good conductors as they
contain considerable water. High voltage causes a violent muscular
contraction and the person may immediately be thrown away from the
source of current, which may result in death. The degree of damage to
tissues is proportional to the quantity of electricity flowing though
them per unit time. It is important that electrocution deaths thoroughly documented and
investigated for safety prevention and compensatory reasons. According to the locard’s
principle, when a criminal and / or his instruments of crime come in contact with the victim
or the objects surrounding him, they leave traces. Likewise, the criminal and / or his
instruments pick up traces from the same contact. Thus, a mutual exchange of traces takes
place between the criminal, the victim and the objects involved in the crime. If these left over
traces are identified to the original source viz., the criminal or his instruments or if the picked
up traces are linked with the victim, the scene or the objects around the victim at the scene,
they establish the contact and pin the crime on to the criminal.[1] If burns are caused by heated
solid surface, the skin is blackened. Accidental cases are very common, especially among
women and children on account of view negligence.

Keywords: Homicide, Accidental, Rigor Mortis, Electrocution, Voltage, Ligature.


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