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Abstract

QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF SELECTED SACHET WATER SOLD IN UYO METROPOLIS, NIGERIA

Grace Micheal Ikon, Promise Ifunanya Ohagim*, Chijioke Patrick Amadi, Victor Nelson Abasiubong, Etang Ubong Ekerenam and Ekanemesang, M. Udoudo

ABSTRACT

Sachet water is any water commercially treated, packaged and Distributed for sale in sealed nylon or cellophane bags, intended for human consumption. Its distribution in Nigerian markets is seen as a less expensive means of accessing drinking water than bottled water. This study was carried out to assess the physicochemical and bacteriological composition of the sachet waters sold in Uyo. A total of 100 samples from 10 brands of sachet water were collected randomly from (hawkers/vendors) in Uyo metropolis of Nigeria. The physical, chemical and bacteriological analysis were determined and compared with the WHO acceptable standards. Physicochemical tests were done using standard qualitative spectrophotometric and titrimetric analysis. The assessment and enumeration of coliform and other indicator organisms was done using Standard microbiological techniques. The results showed that physical and chemical parameters were within the WHO and NIS standard limit for potable drinking water. Bacteriological analysis showed that coliform count of all the sachet water samples did not conform to the WHO standard, while 70% of the samples conformed to NIS standard. Hence, the overall results showed that the sachet water produced in the study area are relatively safe for drinking according to the WHO standard for potable water while 70% of the sachets water was safe for drinking according to Nigerian Industrial standard. The result of this study recommends the establishment of a task force in the state that would look into the quality of water products in circulation, with emphasis on the bacteriological compositions.

Keywords: Quality analysis, sachet water, Uyo.


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