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World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research (WJPR) will give best paper award in every issue in the form of money along with certificate to promote research activity of scholar.
            Best Paper Award :
Dr. Muhammad Baqir MR Fakhrildin
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Abstract

PREVALENCE OF DEPRESSION AND ASSOCIATED RISK FACTORS AMONG WOMEN ATTENDING GYNECOLOGY & OBSTETRICS CLINICS IN KARACHI, PAKISTAN.

*Dr. Shahina Ishtiaq, Dr. Ayesha Aman, Meena Afzal Lakha, Maha Hasan and Maria Owais

ABSTRACT

Objective: The purpose of the study was to examine sociodemographic correlates of depression, quality of life and health among women visiting gynecological clinics for varied health care seeking reasons. Methodology: A cross-sectional study based on predesigned questionnaire with Patient Health Questionnaire – 9 variables included and surveyed 1000 respondents in an interview. The sessions evaluated each individual for the grades of depression. Results: The results indicated that mild levels of depression are highly prevalent in non-pregnant women with 57.44% while pregnant and menopausal females have a high incidence of severe depression with 7.95%. Age, marital status, health status, stressful life events, and history of comorbid are all significantly associated with the incidence of depression with regard to the context of woman’s life. Conclusion: It has been concluded that out of many different sources the major ones among women tend to be aging, parity, antennal period, menopause along with certain comorbid mostly relating to diabetes mellitus. The physiological changes in menstrual patterns and the appearance and persistence of vasomotor symptoms with pregnancy and menopause may have a direct impact on mood and also get further influenced by negative attitudes and societal factors. Strong preventive measures with attempts of treatment and management must be performed in order to aid women from acute phases of stress and across the lifespan.

Keywords: PHQ-9, Depression, Mental Health, Women Health.


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