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Abstract

EFFECT OF JACOBSON’S RELAXATION TECHNIQUE ON NERVE CONDUCTION STUDY IN HYPERTENSION PATIENTS - AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY

Dr. Murtuza Sabuwala*, Dr. Firoz Shaikh, Dr. Dolly Bhatia, Dr. Khyati Padia, Dr. Namita Jawale and Dr. Malika Mondal

ABSTRACT

Hypertension has been identified as a risk factor associated with neuropathy and micro vascular diseases. Since most of the individuals do not have specific symptoms related to their elevated blood pressure, it is often called as the silent killer disease probably3; today the biggest challenge of the 21st century is hypertension which is a major health issue. One billion individuals are affected with hypertension worldwide. Study aimed to find effect of Jacobson‟s Relaxation Technique on Nerve Conduction Velocities in hypertensive patients. Patients having BP ≥ 140/90mmHg were included and the ones with diabetes with neuropathy, renal insufficiency, alcoholism, vascular diseases, or other conditions known to cause peripheral neuropathy were excluded from the study. Fifty hypertensive patients of 35-55 years were divided in two equal groups. In control group hypertensive patients were on medication only while in experimental group patients were given Jacobson‟s relaxation technique along with medication for four weeks daily. The mean values of SNCV for Median and Ulnar Nerve pre training in control group were 51.28±3.86 and 49.03±4.53 which showed significant improvement in post treatment mean values of SNCV for Median and Ulnar Nerve - 51.41± 3.85 and49.16± 4.43. The mean values of MNCV for Median, Ulnar, Tibial and Peroneal Nerves pre training in control group were 51.10±8.79, 52.77±6.63, 44.58±4.61 and 47.45±4.78 respectively which showed significant improvement in post treatment mean values of MNCV for Median, Ulnar, Tibial and Peroneal Nerves of 51.33± 8.42, 52.90± 6.61, 44.80± 4.56 and 47.60± 4.78. The mean values of SNCV for Median and Ulnar Nerve pre training in experimental group were 52.70±4.91 and 50.89±6.30 which showed significant improvement in post treatment mean values of SNCV for Median and Ulnar Nerve - 52.92± 4.86 and 50.97± 6.24. The mean values of MNCV for Median, Ulnar, Tibial and Peroneal Nerves pre training in experimental group were 52.39±4.92, 53.23±5.86, 48.24±5.91 and 47.66±5.43 respectively which showed significant improvement in post treatment mean values of MNCV for Median, Ulnar, Tibial and Peroneal Nerves of 52.65± 4.78, 52.90± 6.61, 48.49± 5.18 and 47.90± 5.31. Extensive studies will be required considering all grades of hypertension for confirmative analysis.

Keywords: Hypertension, Jacobson?s Relaxation Technique, MNCV, SNCV.


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