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Abstract

EVALUATION OF PHYTOCHEMICAL CHARECTERIZATION AND PHYSIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF SALICORNIA BRACHIATA L

*Raja Kumar R. and Malarselvi S.

ABSTRACT

Halophytes represent salt tolerant species that thrive in the inhospitable habitat of inland and coastal salt ecosystem and tolerate salinity by various physiological mechanisms. The aim of present study was to evaluate the phytochemical characterization and physiochemical properties of Salicornia brachiata L a natural halophytes. The shade dried sample of Salicornia brachiata L was subjected to a analytical process to determine the extractive values and various physiochemical properties such as foreign organic matter, loss on drying, total ash content, acid insoluble ash, water soluble ash and water soluble extractive. Further it is subjected to elemental analysis and quantitative estimation of phytoconstituents by using methanol petroleum ether and water extracts. The each extracts confirmed the presence of important active chemical constituents such as flavonoids, tannin, saponin, terpenoids and phenols are presented in the all extracts. In this study, a total of nine elements were determined in the halophytes. The content of Na (38.05%), K (3.65%), Ca (1.25%) and Mg (1.02%) were found in higher concentration respectively. The moderate level concentration of Phosphorus (0.21%) and Cl (0.58%) were noted. Overall the Na (38.05%) was present in high level concentration of Salicornia brachiata.

Keywords: Halophytes, Salicornia brachiata L, phytochemical, elements, salt tolerant.


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