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Abstract

EPIDEMIOLOGY OF VITILIGO AND ASSOCIATED AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES AMONG PATIENTS ATTENDING DERMATOLOGY CLINICS IN AL-MADINA 2016 -2017

*Dr. Azhar A. Ahmed, Shayan M. AL-Radaddi, Nura N. AL-Ahmadi, Abdullah A. Bukhari, Badr Z. Mahmoud and Dr. Yasmin Talal Aljehani

ABSTRACT

Background: Vitiligo is a common skin disorder that affects 1% of the whole world population, little is known about vitiligo prevalence and it is subtypes in Al Madinah, Saudi Arabia. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of vitiligo among patients attending dermatology clinics in Al-Madina, and to identify the distribution of autoimmune diseases among subtypes of vitiligo in patients, besides detecting the association between subtype of vitiligo and other variables. Methodology: it is a descriptive cross-sectional hospital based study among vitiligo patients who have an appointment in dermatology clinics at Al Madinah Al Monawarh, the study was conducted in the period from December 2016 to June 2017. Results: The overall prevalence of vitiligo was 11% from the total number of patient visiting the dermatology clinics. The most predominant subtype of vitiligo was valgaris type (49.6%). family history of vitiligo was significant in 31.2% of patient. Diabetes and thyroidal disease is the most associated autoimmune disease with vitiligo. Recommendations: Consanguinity in marriage may increase the incidence of vitiligo, therefore, genetic counseling and education should be applied to vitiligo patient. Physician should be aware of relatively high prevalence of thyroid and diabetes so, they should request proper screening test when clinically suspected.

Keywords: Vitiligo, AL Madinah Al Monawara, Saudi Arabia, and autoimmune disease.


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