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Abstract

AWARENESS OF ANTI-DIABETIC TREATMENT IN TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS PATIENT ATTENDING TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

Dr. Narayana Murthy B. V.*, Dr. Satyanaryana N. and Dr. Basavaraj Bhandare

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To evaluate the level of awareness in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients regarding the disease, medications, management and its complications. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on type 2 diabetes mellitus patients attending medical and surgical outpatient department of a tertiary care hospital for a period of three months. A questionnaire was provided to them and their response was recorded. Results: Sixty-three patients participated in this study out of which 28 are men and 35 are women. More than half (52%) of the participants were uneducated and had primary education only, among educated few were graduates 3% and the rest were educated up to the secondary school level. Most of them (98.4%) were on oral hypoglycaemic (OHAs) and 1.6% were on insulin. Forty four percent of the participants had diabetes for 1 to 5 years, 32% had diabetes for 6 to 10 years and 24% had the disease for more than 10 years. The uneducated (52%) participants had very poor knowledge about the medications prescribed to them, their adverse effects and the disease complications, which was significantly different when compared with the awareness level in educated participants. There was also a significant difference of awareness noted between the patients having disease newly and up to six years in comparison with patients having disease above seven years. Conclusion: The uneducated patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus are not aware of the disease, medications prescribed and its complications.

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