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Abstract

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF THE ESSENTIAL OIL OF ANAPHALIS MARGARITACEA FROM MUNSYARI, PITHORAGARH, INDIA

Chandan Ram, Pushpa Joshi and Kundan Prasad*

ABSTRACT

Anaphalis margaritacea shows antiasthmatic, anticoughing, expectorant and antiphlogistic activity. The leaves of Anaphalis margaritacea were collected in the month of September 2015 from Kalamuni (Munsyari)near Pithoragarh, location of Kumaon Himalayas. The plant Anaphalis margaritacea including leaves, stem, and flowers were extracted by hydro distillation method for 6 hours using Clevenger apparatus. The hydro-distilled essential oil of Anaphalis margaritacea has been examined by means of gas chromatographymass spectrometry (GC-MS).77 constituents have been identified representing 94.08% of the total oil. The main compounds in major amounts were E-caryophyllene (21.22%), δ-Cadinene(6.51%), Caryophyllene oxide (6.36%), Cubenol (4.08%), γ-Cadinene(2.32%), α-Pinene (2.22%) and Ledol (1.55%).

Keywords: (E)-caryophyllene, Anaphalis margaritacea, Essential oil, GC-MS.


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