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Abstract

INTERPRETATION OF HYDROALCOHOLIC (50%-50%) EXTRACT OF HARITAKI (TERMINALIA CHEBULA RETZ.) FRUIT PERICARP POWDER BY FOURIER TRANSFORM INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY

Akhilesh Kumar*, Anurag Mishra, Sanjay Kumar and B. Ram

ABSTRACT

Approximately 347 million people are diabetic worldwide, among which 90% are suffering with Type 2 diabetes mellitus. In 2011, India had 62.4 million people with Type 2 diabetes, compared with 50.8 million the previous year, according to the International Diabetes Federation and the Madras Diabetes Research Foundation. It has also been reported by the WHO that in 2014, the global population suffering from diabetes is 9% among adults aged 18 and more years (Singh et al.). Our aim was launched to explore the possibility of a better control over diabetes by Haritaki (Terminalia chebula Retz.) fruit pericarp powder. Thus, the present study is focused to Interpret Hydroalcohalic (50%- 50%) extract of Terminalia chebula Retz. fruit pericarp powder by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy as well as to identify the contained phytoconstituents. For sample characterization we used Fourier transformed infrared (FT–IR) spectrometer (Perkin Elmer spectrum 65, FT–IR spectrometer; Perkin Elmer). FT-IR was in mid infrared region 4000-400 cm-1 was used to discriminate and to identify various functional groups present in Haritaki. FT–IR spectra showed the presence of various characteristic functional groups of different phytoconstituents present in it.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Haritaki, phytoconstituents.


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