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Abstract

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF LIFESTYLE ON BMI IN ADULT PEOPLE IN SAUDI ARABIA

Mooj Al Ghofaili*, Lina A. Alyousif, Mutaz A. Alghufaili, Yara Al Balawi and Hanan Bin Saddeq

ABSTRACT

Background: The benefits of exercise have been known a long time ago, physical activity and physical fitness are important factors in reducing the risk of unhealthy weight gain and related illnesses, and moderate to high fitness brings about health benefits, also certain types of foods and eating habits have been linked to weight and BMI. Objectives: To explore the impact of lifestyle factors on adult body mass index in Saudi Arabia. Methods: This study (2017) was carried out among a sample of 750 adults aged between 18 and 45 years old.To assess adults’ demographic and lifestyle factors and their association with body BMI, A pre-tested, pre-designed close ended questionnaire was distributed randomly to consenting adults after collecting their anthropometric measurements and calculating their BMI. The data were verified and analyzed using SPSS version 22. Results: The sample is consisted of 69,2% women and 30,8% men. Among the respondents 28,9% were overweight and 12,8% obese. The proportion of physically inactive persons was elevated (57,3%) compared to active ones 42,7% and we found 70,3% as having acceptable eating habits. The results of the study showed a statistical significant association between exercise, smoking and eating habits since p<0,05 (respectively p=0,03, p=0,014 and p=0,04). Conclusion: Bad lifestyle habits, such as sedentarity, bas eating habits and the consumption of addicts in the Saudi population, are becoming more and more common. Thus it becomes necessary to revise the academic medicine programs and awareness programs that aim the population in order to face these problems, to improve subjects’ lifestyle and to prevent possible complications such as cardiovascular diseases.

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