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Abstract

EFFECT OF NATURALLY INFECTED WITH HAEMOPARASITE TRYPANOSOMES AND AGE ON HAEMATOLOGICAL AND SERUM BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF INDIGENOUS WESTERN HIGHLAND GOAT, ETHIOPIA

Abdata Dame, Eyob Ibrahim and Kibeb Legesse*

ABSTRACT

In study area Gerura, South Western Shewa, Oromia Regional State
of Ethiopia, goats are considered as one of the most important
livestock. There is lack of information on effects of blood parasite
Trypanosomes and age on some hematological and biochemical
parameters of goat breed in the study area Gerura, therefore, the
main purpose of this study was to determine the effects of
Trypanosomes and age on some hemo-biochemical values and the
reference baseline data of hemo-bio chemical values of study goats
breed for clinical interpretation. The study included 141 indigenous
goats aged from 1-6 years of both sexes naturally infected with
Trypanosomes. In naturally infected local goats breed with
Trypanosomes and age had significant effect on RBC and WBC
(p<0.05). However, in those goats free from Trypanosomes, RBC and Hb significantly
increase for goats at yearling stage while the Monocytes significantly increase for adult
goats (P<0.05). There was no significant age difference for serum biochemical values
in goats naturally infected with Trypanosomes. But, non-significant differences were also
observed for AST and ALP (P>0.05). There were significant age differences for total
proteins in those goats breed free from Trypanosomes. Younger to adult had significantly
higher total protein (P<0.05) than yearling and older adult stage. There were also nonsignificantly
differences seen in serum ALP at different age (P>0.05). The values
determined in the present study can be used as reference ranges for the study goats and
for monitoring health and disease diagnosis.

Keywords: Age, Goat, hemoparasite, hematological, serum biochemical values, Gerura.


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