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Abstract

EFFECT OF NATURALLY INFECTED WITH HAEMOPARASITE TRYPANOSOMES AND AGE ON HAEMATOLOGICAL AND SERUM BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF INDIGENOUS WESTERN HIGHLAND GOAT, ETHIOPIA

Kibeb Legesse*

ABSTRACT

In study area Gerura, South Western Shewa, Oromia Regional State of Ethiopia, goats are considered as one of the most important livestock. There is luck of information on effects of blood parasite Trypanosomes and age on some hematological and biochemical parameters of goat breed in the study area Gerura, therefore, the main purpose of this study was to determine the effects of Trypanosomes and age on some hematobiochemical parameters values and the reference baseline data of hematological and biochemical values of Gerura goat breed for clinical interpretation. The study included 141 indigenous goats aged from 1 to 6 years of both sexes naturally infected with Trypanosomes. In naturally infected Western highland Ethiopian goats breed with Trypanosomes, age had significant effect on RBC and WBC (p< 0.05). However, in those goats treated from Trypanosomes, RBC and Hb significantly increase for goats at yearling stage while the Monocytes significantly increase for adult goats (P< 0.05). There was no significant age difference for serum biochemical values in goats naturally infected with Trypanosomes. But, non-significant differences were also observed for AST and ALP (P> 0.05). There were significant age differences for total proteins in this goat breed treated from Trypanosomes. Younger to adult had significantly higher total protein (P< 0.05) than yearling and older adult stage. There were also non-significantly differences seen in serum ALP at different age (P> 0.05). The values determined in the present study contribute to the knowledge of the reference ranges for the study goat and can be used for monitoring health and disease diagnosis.

Keywords: Age, Goat, hemoparasite, hematological, serum biochemical parameters, Gerura


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