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Abstract

ASSESSMENT OF POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN ABOUT OSTEOPOROSIS DISEASE AND TREATMENT IN ALHASA: CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY

Amal Khaleel Abu Alhommos* and Wejdan Alhomini

ABSTRACT

Osteoporosis is a major global public health problem associated with significant morbidity, mortality and socioeconomic burden. It defined as a skeletal disorder characterized by low bone strength, leading to an increased risk of fragility fractures. The quality of postmenopausal life accounting for 1/3 of women’s life has been emphasized with an increase in Saudi Arabia. No previous studies done in our population, so the primary purpose for this study is to evaluate the patients’ awareness about osteoporosis disease and treatment among postmenopausal Saudi females. This study is questionnaire-based survey. One hundred postmenopausal women conducted between 1 December 2015 to 1 March 2015 to evaluate their awareness about the disease, risk factors and possible treatment that provide the basis for health plans to control the disease. The evaluation of the patients' awareness performed by distributing designed questionnaire in multisite (King Fahad Hospital, PCCSH and community population) in AlHasa and those filled after oral interview with those patients. Therefore, those patients had a moderate awareness with 70% about possible treatment and nutritional factors but low awareness with 30% about the risk factors that induced Osteoporosis. In relation to bisphosphonates as treatment remedy, no patient aware that it is the most commonly used drug for treatment of Osteoporosis. Our study found that the patients’ awareness about their possible treatment related to postmenopausal osteoporosis was higher than their awareness about risk factors that induced Osteoporosis due to deficiency in patient counseling program and low availability of medical information sources.

Keywords: Awareness, population, osteoporosis, postmenopausal and women.


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