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Abstract

PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS AND ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE MEDICINAL PLANTS AGAINST UTI PATHOGENS

S. A. Bhutada*

ABSTRACT

The herbal products today symbolize shelter in contrast to the synthetics that are regarded as unsafe to human and environment. In the present study the Aqueous, ethanol, methanol and acetone extract of whole plant of Cyperus rotundos (Nagarmotha), Pedalium murex (Gokharu), Curculigo orchioides (Kalimusali) Ipomoea turpethum (Nishotar) were prepared, preliminary phytochemical test were carried out. The antibacterial activity of was determined by disk diffusion method against Klebsiella pneumonia, Salmonella typhi, Escherichia coli, Protease vulgaris and Staphylococcus aureus. Phytochemical analysis of the solvent extracts revealed the presence of alkaloids, glycosides, flavonoids, steroids, tannins and reducing sugars. All the solvent extracts of the plants showed the significance antibacterial activity against Klebsiella pneumonia, Salmonella typhi, Escherichia coli, Protease vulgaris and Staphylococcus aureus. The occurrence of these biologically active chemicals in the selected plants may justify their wide usage in the treatment of urinary tract infection.

Keywords: Medicinal plants, phytochemical analysis, antibacterial activity, bacterial UTI pathogens.


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