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Abstract

PREVALENCE OF HYPERMOBILITY IN CHILDREN AGED 6-14 YEAR

Dr. Preeti Gazbare* and Priyanka Chavan

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Experts estimate that up to 10% of the general population may have some degree of hypermobility with women affected about three times more often than men. A recent review shows that prevalence of adult varies from 2 to 57% depending upon age, gender, and ethnic origin. For children it varies from 7 to 36% primarily depending on the tests and criteria used for diagnosing GJH. Children may experience functional disability, increased pain intensity and decreased quality of life were reported in children with joint hypermobility. Methods: 100 children aged 6-14, both gender, from Pimpri, Pune were studied after approval from ethical committee. Children with any musculoskeletal condition like fracture, dislocation, any neurological disorder/ impairment, diagnosed connective tissue disorders were excluded. The study was explained to the children & or their parent. Informed written consent was taken for their voluntary participation. Hypermobility test was done and scores was calculated according to Beighton score protocol. Descriptive analysis was done by calculating percentage. Results: Out of 100 Children, 53% of children’s has Hypermobility according to Beighton Score. Comparing gender 69.8% Girls and 30.1% Boys are Hypermobile, age wise 6 to <8 age group Hypermobility is 100%. While, in 12-14 age groups Hypermobility is 27.77%. hypermobility in 5 components of Beighton score, maximum 50 (94.3%) showed hypermobility in passive dorsiflexion of the fifth MCP joint and least in passive hyperextension of the knees 14(26.14%). Conclusion: study concludes that among 100 children in age 6-14 years, 53% children have hypermobility. Of which 70% Girls had hypermobility as compared to boys with 30%.

Keywords: Joint hypermobility, Beighton score.


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