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Abstract

SANDHI SHARIR – A CRITICAL AND CORRELATIVE STUDY WITH MODERN SCIENCE

Rashmi Tiwari* and Madhuri Jaiswal

ABSTRACT

Our life is evolved on the „art of locomotion‟. Life would not have been easy if we could not have moved around, we move on our joints, the junction of bones well supported by soft tissues like muscles, ligaments and tendons. The flexibility and wide range of movements specialized and programmed in different ways in different bony joints makes our life movements possible. Movements for the key for progression and success, and the joints of our body are the key of movements. Various vedic, Ayurvedic and non ayurvedic literatures have given synonyms of sandhi like as Sammilana, sangama, samyoga etc, so that means sandhi is junction or articulation of two or more structures. According to modern view joint is a point where two or more bones are articulates with each other. Joint is exhibit a variety of forms and functions. They are constructed to allow for the different degree and types of movements like as flexion, extension, adduction, abduction etc. like sushruta samhita, in modern era, the joint is divided into two types of sthira or immovable and chestavant sandhi or movable joints. After that again it was divided into eight types. I modern anatomy and sushruta samhita get uniformity in place, types and compojition of joints, but the difference between the number can only be seen. Where 210 sandhis are described in sushruta samhita, there is description of 360 joints in modern anatomy. Acharya sushruta has described the location of 210 joints but given exact name of joints. In this research paper, I co-ordinate the sandhis with the modalities of 210 and according to their exact location, the name was given only.

Keywords: Sandhi, Sammilana, Samyoga.


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