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Abstract

BLOOD LEAD LEVEL AMONG A SAMPLE OF IRAQI WORKERS IN BAGHDAD CITY

Loay M.M.Altaay, Ass. Prof. Dr. Atta AH. Mousa AL-Sarray, Ass. Prof. Dr. Suhair
M. Hasson

ABSTRACT

Background: Lead poisoning and occupational lead exposure remains
a serious problem despite awareness of its adverse health effects in the
world. The present study aimed to determine the levels of blood lead
among a sample of Iraqi workers in Baghdad city. Subject and
methods: A cross sectional study has been designed for a sample of
subjects consists of (176) adult men, aged between (20-60) years
divided into 4 groups, (44) in each group including traffic policemen,
taxi drivers and generators workers, while the controls group which
included volunteered healthy adults men. The study has been
conducted in Baghdad City from 1st December 2016 to the end of 30th June 2017. Data were
collected using questionnaire throughout interview technique for all adult men. Blood lead
level was measured by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. Results: The findings
revealed that the higher mean blood lead levels in (generators workers) 28.43 μg/dl and lower
in traffic policeman 20.43μg/dl and the lowest in taxi driver 19.45μg/dl. Mean of blood lead
levels in controls 12.35μg/dl, also the results revealed that there is a significant difference
between Mean blood lead levels and study samples, and the comparison between study
sample in (age and duration of work). There was also a different variation in the comparison
between study sample in (marital status and residency). Conclusions: A highly significant
difference between Mean blood lead levels in (generators workers) 28.43 μg/dl and lower in
traffic policeman 20.43μg/dl and the lowest in taxi driver 19.45μg/dl.

Keywords: Blood Lead Levels, Baghdad City, Iraq.


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