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Abstract

RETROSPECTIVE STUDY OF PLEURAL DISEASES

Roma Raykar*, Mansi Deshpande, Joanna Baptist and Tushar J Palekar

ABSTRACT

Background: The extent of pleural disease has substantially increased in the past decade because of rise in incidence of pleural space infection and pleural malignancies. The aetiology of pleural disease is broadly multifactorial; viral and bacterial infection, pneumonia and lung diseases. Common pleural diseases are Pleural Effusion, Pneumothorax, Hydro pneumothorax, Pleurisy and Empyema. Objective: The study was carried out to find out the extent of pleural disease based on demographic data of age and gender, incidence of cough, extent of dyspnoea, incidence of addition and to rule to common form of pleural disease in Indian Population. The study would help in preventing the disease and taking early intervention in patients who fall under the population at risk. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study comprising of a sample size of 114 patients was collected in the past three years, the data collected was analysed using graphs and tables and presented in a tabular format. Results and Conclusion: Results reviewed that 47% of patients were between 41-60 years of age group to have pleural disease. 61% male patients were affected with pleural disease. Presence of cough was found in 59% of patients, while dyspnoea was found in 72% of patients. Incidence of addiction was 62% associated with pleural disease. Pleural effusion was the commonest pleural disease. The study would be helpful to determine aetiological hazards and identify individuals at high risk of infection.

Keywords: Pleural disease, retrospective study, infections, addictions.


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