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Abstract

INCIDENCE OF ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION IN PRE-OPERATIVE PATIENTS

Tanpreet Kaur, Mokshi Koul*, Shilpa and Tushar J Palekar

ABSTRACT

Background: Anxiety and depression are prevalent psychiatric comorbidities that are known to have a negative impact on a patient’s general prognosis. The hospital Anxiety and Depression scale has been extensively used to evaluate these comorbidities in various clinical settings. This study aims to assess the incidence of Anxiety and Depression in pre-operative surgical patients in four groups: (Orthopaedic, Abdominal, Gynaec and Opthal). Objective: To find out the incidence of anxiety and depression level in patients undergoing surgery for the first time. To find out the incidence of anxiety and depression level in patients undergoing four different surgeries pre operatively. Comparison in anxiety and depression levels between males and females. Materials and Methods: A descriptive study comprising of a sample size of 80 patients was collected. Patients undergoing abdominal, orthopaedic, gyneac, and opthal surgeries for the first time, were included. The data collected was analysed using graphs and tables and presented in a tabular format. Results and Conclusion: Results showed that percent mean difference of preoperative Depression among Males and Females in four different surgeries. (Males – 6.67%; Females – 26%). Females are more prone to Depression. Percent mean difference of preoperative Anxiety among Males and Females in four different surgeries. (Males – 40%; Females – 46%). Females are more prone to Anxiety. Maximum Anxiety and Depression is seen in Orthopedic pre-operative surgical patients. Maximum Anxiety is seen in Females than Males. HAD provided relevant information on presence of pre-operative anxiety and depression and need to treat the anxious and depressed patients.

Keywords: Anxiety, Depression, Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale.


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