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Abstract

PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROFILE OF SOLANUM XANTHOCARPUM SCHRAD AND WENDEL: A REVIEW

Anukthi C. Poojari and Satish A. Bhalerao*

ABSTRACT

Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad and Wendel (Solanaceae) is commonly known as „Yellow berried night shade‟. It is a prickly diffuse, bright green perennial herb. Solanum xanthocarpum is an important medicinal herb in Ayurvedic medicine. In the traditional system of medicine, whole plant of Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad and Wendel regarded as one of the most significant plant species in traditional system of medicine. The plant is used in different parts of the world for the treatment of several ailments including skin diseases, inflammations, rheumatism, hernia, urolithiatic, muscle pain, gonorrhea, piles, and dysentery etc. In recent studies Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad and Wendel has been investigated for presence of a wide range of phytochemicals viz. alkaloids, sterols, saponins, flavonoids and their glycosides and also carbohydrates, fatty acids, amino acids etc. Various traditional claims like anti-fertility, anti-inflammatory, antiallergic, Antihyperlipidemic and Antifilarial activity, snail killing effects of the plant are still remain to be validated scientifically. Therefore, the present reviews paper an attempt to compile an up-to-date and comprehensive review of Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad and Wendel that covers its traditional uses, phytochemical, pharmacological data.

Keywords: Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad and Wendel, traditional uses, phytochemical, pharmacological profile.


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