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Abstract

INCIDENCE AND PREVALENCE OF PREGNANCY INDUCED HYPERTENSION AND ANEMIA IN KHAMMAM AREA, TELANGANA STATE

*Sravani B., Ravali A., Suresh Kumar P., Bindhu T., Jagannath Patro V. and Nithila SMJ.

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence and prevalence of Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH) and Anemia in pregnant women prior to delivery. Methods: An observational retrospective study was conducted between December 2016 and June 2017 in a District Headquarters Hospital and two other tertiary antenatal care centers on pregnant women who delivered between 37 and 42 weeks of gestational age. The study participants data was collected prior delivery who were recorded with blood pressure that was found to be elevated i.e, 140/90 mmHg and blood heamoglobin level with <10g/dl. Results: A total of 538 Pregnant women were included whose information was sampled who were categorized into rural and urban communities based on age groups. A prevalence of 43.4% (n = 234) was identified with PIH and 56.5% (n = 304) with Anemia. Age specific prevalence of the women with PIH, 52.2% (n = 122) from Rural area, with 17 – 20 were about 35.2% (n = 43), 21 – 23 were about 27.8% (n = 34), 24 – 27 were about 21.3% (n = 26), 28 – 30 were about 12.2% (n = 15) and > 30 were found to be 3.2% (n = 4) and 47.8% (n = 112) Urban area, with 17 – 20 were about 22.3% (n = 25), 21 – 23 were about 33.9% (n = 38), 24 – 27 were about 30.3% (n = 34), 28 – 30 were about 7.1% (n = 8) and > 30 were found to be 6.25% (n = 7). A prevalence of 56.5% (n = 304) was identified with Anemia in Pregnancy, 57.5% (n = 175) were from Rural area, with 17 – 20 were about 21.1% (n = 37), 21 – 23 were about 27.4% (n = 48), 24 – 27 were about 37.1% (n = 65), 28 – 30 were about 9.1% (n = 16) and > 30 were found to be 5.1% (n = 9) and 42.4% (n = 129) were from Urban area, 17 – 20 were about 11.6% (n = 15), 21 – 23 were about 28.6% (n = 37), 24 – 27 were about 36.4% (n = 47), 28 – 30 were about 13.9% (n = 18) and > 30 were found to be 9.3% (n = 12). Conclusion: Ignorance regarding antenatal check up, lack of transport and lack of early communication with tertiary hospital play an important role for high incidence / prevalence of complications in pregnancy in Khammam region, Telangana State.

Keywords: Prevalence, Pregnancy Induced Hypertension, Anemia in pregnancy, Sociodemographic Characteristics.


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