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Abstract

EVALUATION THE RISK FACTOR OF BREAST CANCER AMONG WOMEN IN AL-ELWIYAH TEACHING HOSPITAL IN BAGHDAD/ IRAQ

Abeer Abed Gatea* and Anaam Abd Al-Ameer Wadi

ABSTRACT

Introduction: - Iraq suffers from the pollution of water, air, and soil caused by the emissions of cars and generators in crowded areas, and excessive use of chemical fertilizers, in addition to the remnants of war and depleted uranium bombardment. Aims: to determine the risk factor associated with breast cancer in women in Al-Elwiyah teaching hospital in Baghdad. Methodology: - A cross-sectional study was conducted in Al-Elwiyah teaching hospital in Baghdad during the period from 1st October 2017 to 30th April 2018. A sample size of this study was (93) case. The data was collected through a constructed questionnaire for this purpose which consists of age, education, family history, marital status, grade, risk factor… etc.). The data analysis through Stata version 12. Results: - the mean and SD of age was 43.15054 ± 1.245745 with 95 CI (40.67638, 45.62469) and 49/93(52.69%) was in the age group more than 40 years and 33/93 (35.4%) of samples had college certificate. 78/93(83.9%) were married. The highest frequency of samples of ages more than 40 years; 31/59 (52.5%) had a family history of breast cancer. there is no statistically significant between the family history and ages at p<0.05. the correlation between family and smoking. It is positive, indicating that as the family score increases, we expect that the smoking score also increases. While the correlation between smoking and parity. It is negative, indicating that as the smoking score decrease, we expect that the parity score also decrease. Conclusion and recommendation: Half of the cases still in the age group more than 40 years and the majority were married. The highest frequency of cases had a family history of breast cancer. There is no statistically significant between the family history and ages at p<0.05. Most cases had a history of smoking .there is no statistically significant between BMI and ages at p<0.05. We recommended having a strong programme in management and screening of all cases under risk to help us to identify the case of breast cancer in early stages.

Keywords: Cancer, breast, smoking, Iraq, history, parity, correlation.


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