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Abstract

NEW SUGGESTION SCORING SCALES BODY MASS INDEX (BMI) IN LIGHT OF MALNUTRITION IN PREGNANT WOMEN

Sarmad H. Abed*, Assist. Prof. Kadijah S. Hasan and Lecturer Dr. Shatha K. Atrha

ABSTRACT

Objectives: This study aimed to investigate body mass index (BMI), weight gain during pregnancy, and birth outcomes among pregnant women associated with eating disorders. to evaluate malnutrition status among a sample of pregnant women in different aspects. Methodology: A cross sectional design study was conducted to evaluate of Malnutrition Status Among a Sample of pregnant women. A random sampling technique targeted a sample of (650) pregnant women who attending maternity unite in four hospitals (two in Al-Karkh and two in Al-Rusafa), whom entitled (Fatima Al- Zahra Hospital, Al-Alwaia Teaching Hospital) in Al-Rusafa district, (Al- Karkh Maternity Hospital, Al-yarmook teaching Hospital) in Al-karkh district. The methods used Descriptive statistic (frequencies and percentages, with Mean value, and Standard Deviation, Odds Ratio) as well as Inferential statistics (Contingency Coefficient, Binomial test, Screening tests, Estimated area of ROC curve, Results: Body mass index has been modified particularly for pregnant women and according to the time period of pregnancy through applying correction plot which takes into account the relationship between duration of pregnancy (weeks from LMP) to weight gain (kg). Results shows that most of studied pregnant women has overweighed, and they are accounted (46.0). The Changes in BMI reflect the physiological changes of body size during pregnancy. seemed less than our results. as well as (29.4%) who has obesity problem. Recommendations: All women booking for antenatal care should have their Body Mass Index calculated accurately and Take a daily supplement of 400 micrograms (400μg/0.4mg) folic acid, higher does are required for those with a history of neural tube defects or pre-existing diabetes mellitus. Pregnant women and women planning pregnancy should be encouraged to eat a healthy, balanced diet incorporating foods based on the Health Service Executive (HSE) national Food Pyramid – Iron, calcium, vitamin D and long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids are particularly important.

Keywords: malnutrition status, health service executive.


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