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Abstract

PHARMACOGNOSTICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL EVALUATION OF ROOT OF SIDA SPINOSA LINN

Dr. Dipak Dadarao Pawar* and Dr. Shobha Khilari

ABSTRACT

Three species are taken as Nagbala by different scholars i.e. Sida humilis cav, Grewia hirsuta, Sida spinosa Linn. It is necessary to study all 3 species to confirm for effectiveness of their immunomodulatory activity. Sida spinosa Linn was taken as Nagbala by Dr. V. G. Desai and Dr. Chunekar. Many single drugs are described in the concept of Rasayana therapy may be interpreted as life promoters and expected to act as immunopromoters. Nagbala has been described by Brihatrayi for its effective Rasayana action, in both preventive aspect i.e. Rasayana Chikitsa and curative aspect i.e. treatment of various diseases like Kshata Kshaya, Gulma, Madatyaya, Kasa Granthivisarpa. This study was aimed at Evaluation of pharmacognostical and Phytochemical analysis of Nagbala (Sida spinosa Linn.) root by pharmacognostical and Phytochemical analysis. The present study reveals standardization of Sida spinosa Linn. Root Powder and Decoction which includes determination of moisture content, total ash, acid soluble ash, water extractives, alcohol extractives, T.L.C, pH value, refractive value, and microscopic study of root. The study analysis for the presence of certain chemical constituents like alkaloids, proteins, tannins.

Keywords: Root of Sida spinosa Linn., Nagbala, Pharmacognostical and Phytochemical analysis.


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