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Abstract

HEALTH MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM (HMIS): BASIC CONCEPT AND EVOLUTION, ELECTRONIC VS PAPER-BASED MEDICAL RECORD SYSTEM

Anshu Singh*, Rakhi Ahuja and Nikhil Varshney

ABSTRACT

Government of India has initiated various public health programs that have received remarkable success. Despite launch of various programs, Indian health system still holds 118th position among 191 Who Health Organization (WHO) member countries performance (WHO, 2000). Reason for this poor upstanding being the poor management of health programs as the initiatives needs various types of tasks such as regular monitoring of the, health status of population, giving access to the population, maintaining drugs stock and its consumption patterns, etc. So, Programs to be effectively carried and implemented required timely and accurate input at each level to understand the flow of the system to take necessary step in case of any debt. This can be achieved by the introduction of Health Management Information System. HMIS is defines as a process of collection, processing and reporting the relevant information to healthcare providers and managers for effective and efficient planning and service delivery. The advantage of introducing HMIS involves cutting down the overall cost of healthcare and saves time. However, the main problem associated with HMIS is its implementation. Managers take strategic pathway to make HMIS implementation effective and efficient. HMIS had evolved from the paper based health record to the electronic based record i.e. Electronic Medical record. In the todays world of digitalization, EMR holds a unique position as keeping EMRs provides direct access of patient health records anytime anywhere, which largely reduces time, saves cost and helps in informed clinical decision making by providers.

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