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Abstract

STUDY ON PREVALENCE OF DIABETIC MELLITUS AMONG TUBERCULAR PATIENT IN TERITIARY CARE HOSPITAL

Keerthana P.*, Basavaraj Sangoli and Nataraj G. R.

ABSTRACT

Tuberculosis is an infectious disease which may be caused by a variety of strains of Mycobacteria, but usually Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Poor adherence to drug treatment therefore poses a serious risk to the community and contributes to failure in eradicating the disease globally. The present study aims at improving the patient’s knowledge towards their disease and medication and also to assess the medication adherence, by means of structured counselling and providing specially designed patient information leaflet. Keywords: TB, DM, Prevelance, Risk, Screening. Objectives  To study the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in pulmonary tuberculosis.  To know the association between TB and risk of diabetes. Materials and Methods: This was a prospective observational study which was carried out for a period of six months at RNTCP centre of Basaveshwara Medical College Hospital & research centre, Chitradurga. Results: A total of 119 patients were randomly selected. Among the 119 TB patients who participated in screening for DM, 27(22.7%) were found to have diabetes were found with Random blood sugar 304.95mg/dl and Fasting blood sugar 159.15mg/dl. Out of those who had diabetes 77(64.7%) were males and 42(35.3%) were females. Tuberculosis patients aged 50years and above there is no association between age group and TB. Odd ratio of 0.86 suggests negatives association between social history and TB, and odd ratio of 3.86 reveals that there is a high association between sputum and TB. Conclusion: In this study, we found the high prevalence of diabetes among the TB patients compare to general population suggest that screening of diabetes among TB is necessary and should be performed during the diagnosis of TB. Prevalence of diabetes among TB was found higher among male compare to female and age of the patients having diabetes was found to be in patients of TB.

Keywords: TB, DM, Prevelance, Risk, Screening.


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