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Abstract

MANAGEMENT OF PREGNANCY INDUCED HYPERTENSION THROUGH AYURVEDA: A CASE REPORT

Dr. Megha Gupta* and Prof. L. P. Dei

ABSTRACT

Pregnancy is a very crucial period for a woman as many changes take place during this period in woman’s body. Among many conditions associated with pregnancy, hypertension is seen commonly now a days during pregnancy known as pregnancy induced hypertension, due to increased age of marriage and thus delayed conception. This is because of more orientation of women towards their career. PIH complicates approximately 6% of pregnancies globally and is the most important cause of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality.[1] The national incidence of PIH is 15.2% in India, while it is 4 times higher in primipara than multipara women.[1] Though various medicines are mentioned in modern science for treatment of pregnancy induced hypertension but through this case study, an effort is made to treat this condition through Ayurvedic medicines which was found successful. In Ayurveda, specific description regarding pregnancy induced hypertension is not there but Acharya Harita mentioned Shopha as one of the Updravas of Garbha while mentioning Garbhini Vyadhi.[2] The main Dosha responsible for the condition can be taken as Vata specially Vyana Vayu as it is responsible for normal circulation of blood in whole body[3] due to Chala Guna of Vayu.[4] Vata can be increased due to two reasons either Vata Prakopa directly due to intake of Vataprakopaka Aahara Vihara and second by Aavarana.[5] In the present case study, 1 case was selected from the OPD of IPGT & RA, Jamnagar who was a pregnant lady of 5 months and 10 days gestational period of age 31 years third gravida with obstetric history of one live baby and one abortion. She was given a powder of Sarpagandhadi Yoga 5 gms 2 times a day with water after meals and Punarnavashtaka Kwatha 10 gm twice a day empty stomach for 25 days and it was found the combination was effective in reducing the blood pressure. The drugs in Sarpagandhadi Yoga and Punarnavashtaka Kwatha possess diuretic, antihypertensive, hypotensive, sedative, anti stress, antioxidant, anti inflammatory, anti atherosclerotic and vasodilator properties which lowers the blood pressure.

Keywords: Pregnancy induced hypertension, Sarpagandhadi Yoga, Punarnavashtaka Kwatha, anti atherosclerotic.


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