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Abstract

STUDY OF DRUG UITLIZATION PATTERN OF ANTIMICROBIAL DRUGS IN PEDIATRICS OUTPATIENT DEPARTMENT OF A TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL IN EASTERN UTTAR PRADESH

Gupta Dharmender and Masuram Bharath*

ABSTRACT

Background - Of the total world population the pediatric population comprises of 20-25%, and numerous acute and chronic diseases can effect this sub population which can be treated by judicious and rational use of antibiotics and are among the most frequently prescribed classes o for children. Methods -The study is prospective interventional study carried out in the pediatric outpatient for a period of 5 months (Sep2017 – Jan 2018 +1 month for analysis) of Varunarjunmedical college and research hospital situated in eastern uttarpradesh servicing a large locality. Result –84% of children were kept on a single antimicrobial agent 16% were on more than one antimicrobial or fixed dose combination of the Antimicrobial agent. Amoxicillin(48%), Erythromycin (20%) and Cefixime (16%) were found to be the most frequently used antibiotics. Conclusion – The high percentage of prescriptions involving antimicrobials observed, requires rational use of antimicrobials and judicious prescribing. It should be followed by the appropriate use of the selected medicine from the NLEM with frequent update of information. The implementation of antibiotic policy and treatment guidelines with periodic assessment of the clinical pharmacologist in the study area is very important in order to monitor the clinical use of these medications.

Keywords: Antibiotics, Pediatric patients, Shahjahanpur.


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