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Abstract

PREVALANCE OF RISK FACTORS AMONG PATIENTS HAVING CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE WITH ANGIOPLASTY IN SELECTED TERTIARY HEALTH CARE FACILITY OF NEW DELHI

Dr. Deepshikha Singh, Dr. Ajay Raj* and Dr. J. Saminathan

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of risk factors of cardiovascular disease among Young Population having Coronary Artery Disease with Angioplasty in selected Tertiary Care Facility in Delhi. A cross-sectional study among patients with established CAD admitted in the Department of Cardiology was carried out. A total of 1513 patients who were admitted in the Cardiology department between January 2017 and December 2017 with acute coronary syndrome or coronary angiographic or Electrocardiography evidence of ischemic heart disease. Risk factors studied were the conventional risk factors for coronary artery disease - hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia smoking, and family history of coronary artery disease. Total 1513 adult people were studied, of them males were 1192(78.8%) and females were 321(21.2%). Mean age of the respondents was 43.04 (SDĀ±8.86) years. Overall prevalence of smoking tobacco and smokeless tobacco use was 35.82% respectively in males 40.52% in female 18.38%. Overall prevalence of hyperteusion and diabeties was 41.57% and 36.62%. The study population showed high prevalence of hypertension, diabetes and smoking habit in cardiovascular disease. in contrast to other study in this study population shows young females having greater percentage of risk factors than males. smoking is also in increasing trend in females 18.38% which is quiet high in females. There is need for greater awareness of cardiovascular disease risk factors in young population.

Keywords: Coronary Artery Disease, Young population, Risk factors, Health awareness, Lifestyle related risks.


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