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Abstract

DETERMINATION OF THE RISK FACTORS OF RENAL FAILURE PATIENTS. A CASE-CONTROL STUDY

*Dr. Anaam Abd Al-Ameer Wadi, Dr. Jinan Mahammed Bager Hasan and Acylle Ghassan Ghadhban

ABSTRACT

Background: Renal failure is a chronic disease caused by a complete weakness for the functioning of one or both kidneys and makes them unable to perform their functions positively. Aims: to identify the risk factors for patients with renal failure in nephrology unit. Methods: A case-control study conducted in nephrology unit in the Al-Kindi teaching hospital in Baghdad. All cases admitted to the centre from January, 2018 to the end of June 2018 was enrolled to this study. Case of this study were patients in the age range of 30 to 70 years and who intentionally had a renal failure. For the control were patients in the same range of age who are with general other medical and surgical condition, treated in the same hospital where cases selected at similar time period. Results: There were 240 participants, 120 per group (case and control) in the study. Mean age (SD) for cases 60(9.9) and for control 60 (14.1). In this table indicated that the advanced age (OR=0.903, 95% CI: L=0.5415, U=1.5059), gender (OR= 0.87, 95% CI: L= 0.4942, U= 1.5627), Marital status (OR= 1.625, 95% CI: L= 0.9671, U=2.7305), occupation OR=0.9503, 95% CI: L=0.5892, U= 1.5328) and the education OR=0.677, 95% CI L=0.3794, U=1.2095). There are not significant relation between variables and among cases and controls at p. value 0.05. Conclusions and recommendations: The majority were males, married, unworked and had a secondary education. There is a link between the family history, alcohol and renal failure. Diabetes, hypertension are also contributory factors for renal failure. Further research on this field to identify the causes and risk factors of the disease.

Keywords: Renal, case-control, gender, nephrology, history.


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