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Abstract

PREVALENCE OF THE ADMISSION CAUSE IN THE INTENSIVE CARE UNIT (ICU)

Dr. Ahmed Alaa Jalil*, Dr. Firas Faeq Jameel, Dr. Asmaa Ali Rifaat and Dr. Jinan Mahammed Bager Hasan

ABSTRACT

Background: Intensive care is an important unit for the care of patients suffering from serious diseases such as heart failure, car accidents, sudden high blood pressure, acute asthma, heart attack, acute hyperglycaemia, severe haemorrhagic, Severe Pneumonia, complications of surgery, multiple and multiple fractures, cerebral thrombosis, burns, and falling from high places. Aims: To identify the cause of admission to ICU among patients in Baghdad. Methods: A cross-sectional study conducted in the intensive care unit in neurosurgery teaching hospital in Baghdad. All the cases admitted from January 2018 to the end of June 2018 was enrolled in this study. Semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect the information from the records. The sample size was 250 cases. Data was descried by using descriptive statistics such as frequency, percentage, Fisher chi-square, and p. value. STATA version 14 statistical package was used to analyse the data. Results: Two hundred and fifty participants, the highest frequency of cases 134/250 (53.6%) still in the age greater than 40 years and 151/250 (60.4%) are males, also the majority 170/250 (68%) were unemployed. The highest frequency of admission causes 78/250 (31.2%) was a road traffic accident, followed by hypertension, diabetes, complication after surgery and gunshot. (17.2%), (16.8%), (15.6%) and (8.8%), respectively. Conclusions: There are a significant relation between age, occupation, gender, outcomes and the causes of admission at p. values less than 0.05.

Keywords: Intensive, cause, unit, care, complication, RTA.


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